Recommended Readings: Luciano Marraffini, Ph.D., Friday October 20th, 2017

Friday Lectures

Friday, October 20, 2017  3:45 p.m.

Caspary Auditorium

Luciano Marraffini, Ph.D.

Associate Professor and Head

Laboratory of Bacteriology

The Rockefeller University

CRISPR-Cas, Acquired Immunity in Prokaryotes


Recommended Readings:

Niewoehner, Ole; Garcia-Doval, Carmela; Rostol, Jakob T.; et al. (2017). Type III CRISPR-Cas systems produce cyclic oligoadenylate second messengers.  NATURE. 548 (7669): 543-+

Modell, Joshua W.; Jiang, Wenyan; Marraffini, Luciano A. (2017). CRISPR-Cas systems exploit viral DNA injection to establish and maintain adaptive immunity. NATURE. 544 (7648): 101-+  

Marraffini, Luciano A. (2017). Sensing danger. PNAS. 114 (1): 15-16

Heler, Robert; Wright, Addison V.; Vucelja, Marija; et al. (2017). Mutations in Cas9 Enhance the Rate of Acquisition of Viral Spacer Sequences during the CRISPR-Cas Immune Response. MOLECULAR CELL. 65 (1): 168-175

Marraffini, Luciano A. (2015). CRISPR-Cas immunity in prokaryotes. NATURE. 526 (7571): 55-61

McGinn, Jon; Marraffini, Luciano A. (2016). CRISPR-Cas Systems Optimize Their Immune Response by Specifying the Site of Spacer Integration. MOLECULAR CELL. 64 (3): 616-623

Barrangou, Rodolphe; Marraffini, Luciano A. (2014). CRISPR-Cas Systems: Prokaryotes Upgrade to Adaptive Immunity. MOLECULAR CELL. 54 (2): 234-244

Cong, Le; Ran, F. Ann; Cox, David; et al. (2013). Multiplex Genome Engineering Using CRISPR/Cas Systems.  SCIENCE. 339 (6121): 819-823



Recommended Readings: Emmanuelle Charpentier, Ph.D., January 22

Friday Lecture Series
Friday, January 22, 2016
3:45 p.m., Caspary Auditorium

Emmanuelle Charpentier, Ph.D.
Professor, Department of Regulation in Infection Biology
Director, Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology;
Visiting Professor, Laboratory for Molecular Infection Medicine Sweden, Umeå University

The Transformative Genome Engineering Technology CRISPR-Cas9: Lessons Learned from bacteria

Recommended Reading

Empirical Articles

Chylinski, K., Le Rhun, A., & Charpentier, E. (2013). The tracrRNA and Cas9 families of type II CRISPR-Cas immunity systems. RNA Biology, 10(5), 726-737. doi:10.4161/rna.24321

Fonfara, I., Le Rhun, A., Chylinski, K., Makarova, K. S., Lécrivain, A. L., Bzdrenga, J., … & Charpentier, E. (2014). Phylogeny of Cas9 determines functional exchangeability of dual-RNA and Cas9 among orthologous type II CRISPR-Cas systems. Nucleic acids research, 42(4), 2577-2590. doi:10.1093/nar/gkt1074.

Jinek, M., Chylinski, K., Fonfara, I., Hauer, M., Doudna, J. A., & Charpentier, E. (2012). A programmable dual-RNA–guided DNA endonuclease in adaptive bacterial immunity. Science, 337(6096), 816-821. doi:10.1126/science.1225829.

Review Papers

Charpentier, E., Richter, H., van der Oost, J., & White, M. F. (2015). Biogenesis pathways of RNA guides in archaeal and bacterial CRISPR-Cas adaptive immunity. FEMS Microbiology Reviews, 39(3), 428-441. doi:10.1093/femsre/fuv023.

Chylinski, K., Makarova, K. S., Charpentier, E., & Koonin, E. V. (2014). Classification and evolution of type II CRISPR-Cas systems. Nucleic acids research, 42(10), 6091-6105. doi:10.1093/nar/gku241

Recommended Readings: Seth Darst, Ph.D., November 2nd

Monday Lecture Series
Monday, November 2, 2015
4:00 p.m., Carson Family Auditorium (CRC)

Seth Darst, Ph.D.
Jack Fishman Professor and Head,
Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics,
The Rockefeller University

CarD, an Essential Transcription Factor in Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, Uses a Minor Groove Wedge Mechanism to Stabilize the RNA Polymerase Open Promoter Complex

Recommended Readings

Empirical Articles

Bae, B., Chen, J., Davis, E., Leon, K., Darst, S. A., & Campbell, E. A. (2015). CarD uses a minor groove wedge mechanism to stabilize the RNA polymerase open promoter complex. eLife, e08505. doi:10.7554/eLife.08505

Davis, E., Chen, J., Leon, K., Darst, S. A., & Campbell, E. A. (2014). Mycobacterial RNA polymerase forms unstable open promoter complexes that are stabilized by CarD. Nucleic Acids Research, gku1231. doi: 10.1093/nar/gku1231

Srivastava, D. B., Leon, K., Osmundson, J., Garner, A. L., Weiss, L. A., Westblade, L. F., … & Campbell, E. A. (2013). Structure and function of CarD, an essential mycobacterial transcription factor. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(31), 12619-12624. doi:10.1073/pnas.1308270110

Review Papers

Feklístov, A., Sharon, B. D., Darst, S. A., & Gross, C. A. (2014). Bacterial sigma factors: a historical, structural, and genomic perspective. Annual Review of Microbiology, 68, 357-376. doi:0.1146/annurev-micro-092412-155737

Recommended Readings: Ronald Breaker, Ph.D., May 1

Friday Lecture Series
Friday, May 1, 2015
3:45 p.m., Caspary Auditorium

Ronald Breaker, Ph.D.
Henry Ford II Professor,
Professor, Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry,
Yale University
Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Prospects for Riboswitch and Ribozyme Discovery

Empirical Articles

Baker, J. L., Sudarsan, N., Weinberg, Z., Roth, A., Stockbridge, R. B., & Breaker, R. R. (2012). Widespread genetic switches and toxicity resistance proteins for fluoride. Science, 335(6065), 233-235. doi:10.1126/science.1215063

Kim, P. B., Nelson, J. W., & Breaker, R. R. (2015). An ancient riboswitch class in bacteria regulates purine biosynthesis and one-carbon metabolism. Molecular Cell, 57(2), 317-328. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2015.01.001

Nelson, J. W., Sudarsan, N., Furukawa, K., Weinberg, Z., Wang, J. X., & Breaker, R. R. (2013). Riboswitches in eubacteria sense the second messenger c-di-AMP. Nature Chemical Biology, 9(12), 834-839. doi:10.1038/nchembio.1363

Roth, A., Weinberg, Z., Chen, A. G., Kim, P. B., Ames, T. D., & Breaker, R. R. (2014). A widespread self-cleaving ribozyme class is revealed by bioinformatics. Nature chemical biology, 10(1), 56-60. doi:10.1038/nchembio.1386

Review Papers

Breaker, R. R. (2012). Riboswitches and the RNA world. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology, 4(2), a003566. doi:10.1101/cshperspect.a003566

Breaker, R. R., & Joyce, G. F. (2014). The expanding view of RNA and DNA function. Chemistry & Biology, 21(9), 1059-1065. doi:10.1016/j.chembiol.2014.07.008

Recommended Readings: David Tollervey, Ph.D., April 10

Friday Lecture Series
Friday, April 10, 2015
3:45 p.m., Caspary Auditorium

David Tollervey, Ph.D.,
Wellcome Trust Centre for Cell Biology,
University of Edinburgh

Lighting Up RNA Interactions

Recommended Readings

Empirical Articles

Granneman, S., Kudla, G., Petfalski, E., & Tollervey, D. (2009). Identification of protein binding sites on U3 snoRNA and pre-rRNA by UV cross-linking and high-throughput analysis of cDNAs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(24), 9613-9618. doi:10.1073/pnas.0901997106

Helwak, A., Kudla, G., Dudnakova, T., & Tollervey, D. (2013). Mapping the human miRNA interactome by CLASH reveals frequent noncanonical binding. Cell, 153(3), 654-665. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2013.03.043

Helwak, A., & Tollervey, D. (2014). Mapping the miRNA interactome by cross-linking ligation and sequencing of hybrids (CLASH). Nature Protocols, 9(3), 711-728. doi:10.1038/nprot.2014.043

Tuck, A. C., & Tollervey, D. (2013). A transcriptome-wide atlas of RNP composition reveals diverse classes of mRNAs and lncRNAs. Cell, 154(5), 996-1009. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2013.07.047

Review Papers

Schneider, C., & Tollervey, D. (2013). Threading the barrel of the RNA exosome. Trends in Biochemical Sciences, 38(10), 485-493. doi:10.1016/j.tibs.2013.06.013

Tuck, A. C., & Tollervey, D. (2011). RNA in pieces. Trends in Genetics, 27(10), 422-432. doi:10.1016/j.tig.2011.06.001

Recommended Readings: Zhijian ‘James’ Chen, Ph.D. September 26

Friday Lecture Series
Friday, September 26, 2014
3:45 p.m., Caspary Auditorium

Zhijian “James” Chen, Ph.D.
George L. MacGregor Distinguished Chair in Biomedical Sciences,
Director, Center for Inflammation,
Research Professor, Department of Molecular Biology,

The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Enemy Within – Immune and Autoimmune Responses to cytosolic DNA and RNA

Recommended Readings

Empirical Articles

Gao, D., Wu, J., Wu, Y.-T., Du, F., Aroh, C., Yan, N., … Chen, Z. J. (2013). Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase is an innate immune sensor of HIV and other retroviruses. Science, 341(6148), 903–906. doi:10.1126/science.1240933

Li, X.-D., Wu, J., Gao, D., Wang, H., Sun, L., & Chen, Z. J. (2013). Pivotal roles of cGAS-cGAMP signaling in antiviral defense and immune adjuvant effects. Science, 341(6152), 1390–1394. doi:10.1126/science.1244040

Sun, L., Wu, J., Du, F., Chen, X., & Chen, Z. J. (2013). Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase is a cytosolic DNA sensor that activates the type I interferon pathway. Science, 339(6121), 786–791. doi:10.1126/science.1232458

Zeng, W., Sun, L., Jiang, X., Chen, X., Hou, F., Adhikari, A., … Chen, Z. J. (2010). Reconstitution of the RIG-I pathway reveals a signaling role of unanchored polyubiquitin chains in innate immunity. Cell, 141(2), 315–330. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2010.03.029

Review Papers

Cai, X., Chiu, Y.-H., & Chen, Z. J. (2014). The cGAS-cGAMP-STING pathway of cytosolic DNA sensing and signaling. Molecular Cell, 54(2), 289–296. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2014.03.040

Wu, J., & Chen, Z. J. (2014). Innate immune sensing and signaling of cytosolic nucleic acids. Annual Review of Immunology, 32, 461–88. doi:10.1146/annurev-immunol-032713-120156

Recommended Readings: Jennifer Doudna, Ph.D. September 19

Friday Lecture Series
Friday, September 19, 2014
3:45 p.m., Caspary Auditorium

Jennifer Doudna, Ph.D.
Li Ka Shing Chancellor’s Chair in Biomedical and Health Sciences,
Professor of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Structural Biology,
Departments of Molecular and Cell Biology and Chemistry,
University of California, Berkeley
Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

CRISPR Systems: A Revolution in Basic Science and Biotechnology

Recommended Readings

Empirical Articles

Haurwitz, R. E., Jinek, M., Wiedenheft, B., Zhou, K., & Doudna, J. a. (2010). Sequence- and structure-specific RNA processing by a CRISPR endonuclease. Science, 329(5997), 1355–1358. doi:10.1126/science.1192272

Sternberg, S. H., Redding, S., Jinek, M., Greene, E. C., & Doudna, J. a. (2014). DNA interrogation by the CRISPR RNA-guided endonuclease Cas9. Nature, 507(7490), 62–67. doi:10.1038/nature13011

Wiedenheft, B., Sternberg, S. H., & Doudna, J. a. (2012). RNA-guided genetic silencing systems in bacteria and archaea. Nature, 482(7385), 331–338. doi:10.1038/nature10886

Review Papers

Bhaya, D., Davison, M., & Barrangou, R. (2011). CRISPR-Cas systems in bacteria and archaea: versatile small RNAs for adaptive defense and regulation. Annual Review of Genetics, 45, 273–97. doi:10.1146/annurev-genet-110410-132430

Hsu, P. D., Lander, E. S., & Zhang, F. (2014). Development and Applications of CRISPR-Cas9 for Genome Engineering. Cell, 157(6), 1262–1278. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2014.05.010

Recommended Readings: James E. Darnell, Jr., M.D. May 19

Monday Lecture Series
Monday, May 19, 2014
4:00 p.m., Carson Family Auditorium

James E. Darnell, Jr., M.D.
Vincent Astor Professor Emeritus 
Head, Laboratory of Molecular Cell Biology
The Rockefeller University

Then and now – making mRNA: an unbiased (?) look at pre-mRNA synthesis and processing

Recommended Readings:

Empirical Papers

Brenner, S., Jacob, F., & Meselson, M. (1961). An unstable intermediate carrying information from genes to ribosomes for protein synthesis. Nature, 180(4776), 576–581.

Gros, F., Hiatt, H., Gilbert, W., & Kurland, C. (1961). Unstable ribonucleic acid revealed by pulse labelling of Escherichia coli. Nature, 190(4776), 581–585.

Jacob, F., & Monod, J. (1961). Genetic regulatory mechanisms in the synthesis of proteins. Journal of Molecular Biology, 3, 318–356.

Scherrer, K., Latham, H., & Darnell, J. E. (1963). Demonstration of an unstable RNA and of a precursor to ribosomal RNA in HeLa cells. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 49(2), 240–248.

Review Articles

Darnell, J. E. (1968). Ribonucleic acids from animal cells. Bacteriological Reviews, 32(3), 262–290.

Darnell, J. E. (2013). Reflections on the history of pre-mRNA processing and highlights of current knowledge: a unified picture. RNA, 19(4), 443–60. doi:10.1261/rna.038596.113

Licatalosi, D. D., & Darnell, R. B. (2010). RNA processing and its regulation: global insights into biological networks. Nature Reviews Genetics, 11(1), 75–87. doi:10.1038/nrg2673

Recommended Readings: Scott Lowe, Ph.D.

Friday Lecture Series

Cancer Initiation and Maintenance Genes

Scott Lowe, Ph.D., chair, Geoffrey Beene Cancer Research Center,

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center;

investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

January 3, 2014

3:45 p.m.-5:00 p.m. (Refreshments, 3:15 p.m., Abby Lounge)

Caspary Auditorium

Recommended Readings

Chicas, A., Kapoor, A., Wang, X., Aksoy, O., Evertts, A. G., Zhang, M. Q., . . . Lowe, S. W. (2012). H3K4 demethylation by Jarid1a and Jarid1b contributes to retinoblastoma-mediated gene silencing during cellular senescence. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(23), 8971-8976

Dow, L. E., & Lowe, S. W. (2012). Life in the fast lane: Mammalian disease models in the genomics era. Cell, 148(6), 1099-1109

Premsrirut, P. K., Dow, L. E., Kim, S. Y., Camiolo, M., Malone, C. D., Miething, C., . . . Lowe, S. W. (2011). A rapid and scalable system for studying gene function in mice using conditional RNA interference. Cell, 145(1), 145-158

Sawey, E., Chanrion, M., Cai, C., Wu, G., Zhang, J., Zender, L., . . . Powers, S. (2011). Identification of a therapeutic strategy targeting amplified FGF19 in liver cancer by oncogenomic screening. Cancer Cell, 19(3), 347-358

Xue, W., Kitzing, T., Roessler, S., Zuber, J., Krasnitz, A., Schultz, N., . . . Lowe, S. W. (2012). A cluster of cooperating tumor-suppressor gene candidates in chromosomal deletions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(21), 8212-8217

Zuber, J., Rappaport, A. R., Luo, W., Wang, E., Chen, C., Vaseva, A. V., . . . Lowe, S. W. (2011). An integrated approach to dissecting oncogene addiction implicates a myb-coordinated self-renewal program as essential for leukemia maintenance. Genes and Development, 25(15), 1628-1640


Recommended Readings: Seth Darst, Ph.D. Monday, Dec. 9

Monday Lecture Series
Structural studies of bacterial transcription: Bacteriophage T7 Gp2 inhibition of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase
Seth Darst, Ph.D.
Jack Fishman Professor
Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics
The Rockefeller University
4:00 p.m., Carson Family Auditorium

Recommended Readings

Review Paper

Samson, J. E., Magadán, A. H., Sabri, M., & Moineau, S. (2013). Revenge of the phages: defeating bacterial defenses. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 11(10), 675–687. doi:10.1038/nrmicro3096

Empirical Articles

Bae, B., Davis, E., Brown, D., Campbell, E. a, Wigneshweraraj, S., & Darst, S. a. (In Press). Phage T7 Gp2 inhibition of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase involves misappropriation of σ70 domain 1.1. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. doi:10.1073/pnas.1314576110

Cámara, B., Liu, M., Reynolds, J., Shadrin, A., Liu, B., Kwok, K., … Wigneshweraraj, S. R. (2010). T7 phage protein Gp2 inhibits the Escherichia coli RNA polymerase by antagonizing stable DNA strand separation near the transcription start site. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(5), 2247–2252. doi:10.1073/pnas.0907908107

James, E., Liu, M., Sheppard, C., Mekler, V., Cámara, B., Liu, B., … Wigneshweraraj, S. (2012). Structural and mechanistic basis for the inhibition of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase by T7 Gp2. Molecular Cell, 47(5), 755–766. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2012.06.013

Sheppard, C., Cámara, B., Shadrin, A., Akulenko, N., Liu, M., Baldwin, G., … Wigneshweraraj, S. R. (2011). Inhibition of Escherichia coli RNAp by T7 Gp2 protein: role of negatively charged strip of amino acid residues in Gp2. Journal of Molecular Biology, 407(5), 623–632. doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2011.02.013