Recommended Readings: Bruce Walker, M.D.

Friday Lecture Series

Immune Control and Immune Failure in HIV Infection

Bruce Walker, M.D., Principal Investigator,

Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard

April 13, 2012

3:45 p.m.-5:00 p.m. (Refreshments, 3:15 p.m., Abby Lounge)

Caspary Auditorium


Recommended Readings:

Huang, J., P. S. Burke, T. D. H. Cung, F. Pereyra, I. Toth, B. D. Walker, L. Borges, M. Lichterfeld, and X. G. Yu. 2010. “Leukocyte Immunoglobulin-Like Receptors Maintain Unique Antigen-Presenting Properties of Circulating Myeloid Dendritic Cells in HIV-1-Infected Elite Controllers.” Journal of Virology 84 (18): 9463-9471

Kawashima, Y., K. Pfafferott, J. Frater, P. Matthews, R. Payne, M. Addo, H. Gatanaga, et al. 2009. “Adaptation of HIV-1 to Human Leukocyte Antigen Class I.” Nature 458 (7238): 641-645

Mahalanabis, M., P. Jayaraman, T. Miura, F. Pereyra, E. M. Chester, B. Richardson, B. Walker, and N. L. Haigwood. 2009. “Continuous Viral Escape and Selection by Autologous Neutralizing Antibodies in Drug-Na├»ve Human Immunodeficiency Virus Controllers.” Journal of Virology 83 (2): 662-672

Matthews, P. C., A. Prendergast, A. Leslie, H. Crawford, R. Payne, C. Rousseau, M. Rolland, et al. 2008. “Central Role of Reverting Mutations in HLA Associations with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Set Point.” Journal of Virology 82 (17): 8548-8559

Pereyra, F., S. Palmer, T. Miura, B. L. Block, A. Wiegand, A. C. Rothchild, B. Baker, et al. 2009. “Persistent Low-Level Viremia in HIV-1 Elite Controllers and Relationship to Immunologic Parameters.” Journal of Infectious Diseases 200 (6): 984-990

Virgin, H. W. and B. D. Walker. 2010. “Immunology and the Elusive AIDS Vaccine.” Nature 464 (7286): 224-231

Mild Fever Enhances Effectiveness of CD8+ T-cells

Scientists have found that the generation and differentiation of CD8+ cytotoxic T-cell is enhanced by mild fever-range hyperthermia. Specifically, their research suggests that elevated body temperature changes the T-cells’ membranes which may help mediate the effects of micro-environmental temperature on cell function. To test this, researchers injected two groups of mice with an antigen, and examined the activation of T-cells following the interaction with antigen presenting cells. Body temperature in half of the mice was raised by 2 degrees centigrade, while the other half maintained a normal core body temperature. In the warmed mice, results showed a greater number of the type of CD8 T-cells capable of destroying infected cells. Read more in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology.