Recommended Readings: Zena Werb, Ph.D.

Friday Lecture Series

Detlev Bronk Alumni Lecture

The Cellular Neighborhood: A Master Regulator from Development to Cancer

Zena Werb, Ph.D., professor and vice-chair, department of anatomy, and Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California, San Francisco

March 14, 2014

3:45 p.m.-5:00 p.m. (Refreshments, 3:15 p.m., Abby Lounge)

Caspary Auditorium

Recommended Readings

Chou, J., Lin, J. H., Brenot, A., Kim, J. -., Provot, S., & Werb, Z. (2013). GATA3 suppresses metastasis and modulates the tumour microenvironment by regulating microRNA-29b expression. Nature Cell Biology, 15(2), 201-213

Chou, J., Shahi, P., & Werb, Z. (2013). MicroRNA-mediated regulation of the tumor microenvironment. Cell Cycle, 12(20), 3262-3271

Coussens, L. M., & Werb, Z. (2002). Inflammation and cancer. Nature, 420(6917), 860-867

Egeblad, M., Nakasone, E. S., & Werb, Z. (2010). Tumors as organs: Complex tissues that interface with the entire organism. Developmental Cell, 18(6), 884-901

Engelhardt, J. J., Boldajipour, B., Beemiller, P., Pandurangi, P., Sorensen, C., Werb, Z., . . . Krummel, M. F. (2012). Marginating dendritic cells of the tumor microenvironment cross-present tumor antigens and stably engage tumor-specific T cells. Cancer Cell, 21(3), 402-417

Heissig, B., Lund, L. R., Akiyama, H., Ohki, M., Morita, Y., Rømer, J., . . . Hattori, K. (2007). The plasminogen fibrinolytic pathway is required for hematopoietic regeneration. Cell Stem Cell, 1(6), 658-670

Ohki, M., Ohki, Y., Ishihara, M., Nishida, C., Tashiro, Y., Akiyama, H., . . . Hattori, K. (2010). Tissue type plasminogen activator regulates myeloid-cell dependent neoangiogenesis during tissue regeneration. Blood, 115(21), 4302-4312

 

2009 “Hottest biology papers”

Of the five “hottest” papers of 2009 in biology, three were published in NATURE, two in CELL.  The topics are no surprise: genomics and stem cells.   Click and read:

1. K. Takahashi, et al.,Induction of pluripotent stem cells from adult human fibroblasts by defined factors,” Cell, 131: 861-72, 2007.
Citations this year: 520
Total citations to date: 886
Findings: This work from Shinya Yamanaka’s lab in Japan was the first to demonstrate that induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells can be generated from adult human dermal fibroblasts. Previous efforts by the team showed that iPS cells could be derived from mouse somatic cells
2. K.A. Frazer, et al.,A second generation human haplotype map of over 3.1 million SNPs,” Nature, 449: 854-61, 2007.
Citations this year: 389
Total citations to date: 588
Findings: Since the sequencing of the human genome in 2003, the International HapMap Project has explored single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) — differences in a single letter of the DNA — to study how these small variations affect the development of diseases and the body’s response to pathogens and drugs. HapMap I, the original report, placed one SNP at roughly every 5,000 DNA letters. The newest map, featured in this paper, sequenced an additional 2 million SNPs, increasing the map’s resolution to one SNP per kilobase. The additional detail allows scientists to more closely investigate patterns in SNP differences, especially in hotspot regions, or concentrated stretches of DNA.

3. A. Barski, et al.,High-resolution profiling of histone methylations in the human genome,” Cell, 129: 823-37, 2007.
Citations this year: 299
Total citations to date:: 560
Findings: This study looked at how histone modifications influence gene expression in more detail than previous attempts. Using a powerful sequencing tool called Solexa 1G, the researchers mapped more than 20 million DNA sequences associated with specific forms of histones, finding there were differences in methylation patterns between stem cells and differentiated T cells.

4. E. Birney, et al.,Identification and analysis of functional elements in 1% of the human genome by the ENCODE pilot project, “Nature, 447: 799-816, 2007.
Citations this year: 267
Total citations to date: 618
Findings: The ENCODE project — ENCODE stands for the ENCyclopedia Of DNA Elements — set out to identify all functional elements in the human genome. After examining one percent of the genome, the paper revealed several new insights about how information encoded in the DNA comes to life in a cell.

5. A M. Wernig, et al.,In vitro reprogramming of fibroblasts into a pluripotent ES-cell-like state,” Nature 448: 318-24, 2007.
Citations this year: 237
Total citations to date: 512
Findings: Scientists successfully performed somatic-cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), producing stem cell lines and cloned animals for the first time using fertilized mouse eggs.