Recommended Readings: Elaine Fuchs, Ph.D. November 3

Monday Lecture Series
Monday, November 3, 2014
4:00 p.m., Carson Family Auditorium

Elaine Fuchs, Ph.D.
Rebecca C. Lancefield Professor and Head,
Laboratory of Mammalian Cell Biology and Development,
The Rockefeller University
Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Stem Cells in Silence, Action and Cancer

Recommended Readings

Empirical Articles

Blanpain, C., Lowry, W., & Geoghegan, A. (2004). Self-renewal, multipotency, and the existence of two cell populations within an epithelial stem cell niche. Cell, 118(5), 635–648. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2004.08.012

Lechler, T., & Fuchs, E. (2005). Asymmetric cell divisions promote stratification and differentiation of mammalian skin. Nature, 437(7056), 275–280. doi:10.1038/nature03922

Yi, R., Poy, M. N., Stoffel, M., & Fuchs, E. (2008). A skin microRNA promotes differentiation by repressing “stemness”. Nature, 452(7184), 225–9. doi:10.1038/nature06642

Review Papers

Fuchs, E., Tumbar, T., & Guasch, G. (2004). Socializing with the neighbors: stem cells and their niche. Cell, 116(6), 769–778. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(04)00255-7

Hsu, Y.-C., Li, L., & Fuchs, E. (2014). Emerging interactions between skin stem cells and their niches. Nature Medicine, 20(8), 847–856. doi:10.1038/nm.3643

Recommended Readings: Craig B. Thompson, M.D. May 23

Friday Lecture Series
Friday, May 23, 2014
3:45 p.m., Caspary Auditorium

Craig B. Thompson, M.D.
President and CEO
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

What Cancer Is Teaching Us about Cellular Metabolism

Recommended Readings:

Empirical Papers

Buzzai, M., Bauer, D. E., Jones, R. G., Deberardinis, R. J., Hatzivassiliou, G., Elstrom, R. L., & Thompson, C. B. (2005). The glucose dependence of Akt-transformed cells can be reversed by pharmacologic activation of fatty acid beta-oxidation. Oncogene, 24(26), 4165–4173. doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1208622

Lum, J. J., Bauer, D. E., Kong, M., Harris, M. H., Li, C., Lindsten, T., & Thompson, C. B. (2005). Growth factor regulation of autophagy and cell survival in the absence of apoptosis. Cell, 120(2), 237–248. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2004.11.046

Selak, M. a, Armour, S. M., MacKenzie, E. D., Boulahbel, H., Watson, D. G., Mansfield, K. D., … Gottlieb, E. (2005). Succinate links TCA cycle dysfunction to oncogenesis by inhibiting HIF-alpha prolyl hydroxylase. Cancer Cell, 7(1), 77–85. doi:10.1016/j.ccr.2004.11.022

Ye, J., Mancuso, A., Tong, X., Ward, P. S., Fan, J., & Rabinowitz, J. D. (2012). Pyruvate kinase M2 promotes de novo serine synthesis to sustain mTORC1 activity and cell proliferation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(18), 2–7. doi:10.1073/pnas.1204176109

Review Papers

DeBerardinis, R. J., Lum, J. J., Hatzivassiliou, G., & Thompson, C. B. (2008). The biology of cancer: metabolic reprogramming fuels cell growth and proliferation. Cell Metabolism, 7(1), 11–20. doi:10.1016/j.cmet.2007.10.002

Vander Heiden, M. G., Cantley, L. C., & Thompson, C. B. (2009). Understanding the Warburg effect: the metabolic requirements of cell proliferation. Science, 324(5930), 1029–1033. doi:10.1126/science.1160809

Ward, P. S., & Thompson, C. B. (2012). Metabolic reprogramming: a cancer hallmark even Warburg did not anticipate. Cancer Cell, 21(3), 297–308. doi:10.1016/j.ccr.2012.02.014

Recommended Readings: Sangeeta Bhatia, M.D., Ph.D. May 12

Monday, May 12, 2014
4:00 p.m., Carson Family Auditorium

Sangeeta Bhatia, M.D., Ph.D.
John J. and Dorothy Wilson Professor of Health Sciences & Technology
Institute for Medical Engineering and Science
Director, Laboratory for Multiscale Regenerative Technologies
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Tiny Technologies for Studying Tissue Microenvironments

Recommended Readings:

Empirical Papers

Chen, A., & Thomas, D. (2011). Humanized mice with ectopic artificial liver tissues. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(29), 11842–11847. doi:10.1073/pnas.1101791108

Hui, E. E., & Bhatia, S. N. (2007). Micromechanical control of cell-cell interactions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(14), 5722–5726. doi:10.1073/pnas.0608660104

Khetani, S. R., & Bhatia, S. N. (2008). Microscale culture of human liver cells for drug development. Nature Biotechnology, 26(1), 120–126. doi:10.1038/nbt1361

Review Papers

Underhill, G. H., Galie, P., Chen, C. S., & Bhatia, S. N. (2012). Bioengineering methods for analysis of cells in vitro. Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology, 28, 385–410. doi:10.1146/annurev-cellbio-101011-155709

Wong, I. Y., Bhatia, S. N., & Toner, M. (2013). Nanotechnology: emerging tools for biology and medicine. Genes & Development, 27(22), 2397–2408. doi:10.1101/gad.226837.113

Recommended Readings: Zena Werb, Ph.D.

Friday Lecture Series

Detlev Bronk Alumni Lecture

The Cellular Neighborhood: A Master Regulator from Development to Cancer

Zena Werb, Ph.D., professor and vice-chair, department of anatomy, and Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California, San Francisco

March 14, 2014

3:45 p.m.-5:00 p.m. (Refreshments, 3:15 p.m., Abby Lounge)

Caspary Auditorium

Recommended Readings

Chou, J., Lin, J. H., Brenot, A., Kim, J. -., Provot, S., & Werb, Z. (2013). GATA3 suppresses metastasis and modulates the tumour microenvironment by regulating microRNA-29b expression. Nature Cell Biology, 15(2), 201-213

Chou, J., Shahi, P., & Werb, Z. (2013). MicroRNA-mediated regulation of the tumor microenvironment. Cell Cycle, 12(20), 3262-3271

Coussens, L. M., & Werb, Z. (2002). Inflammation and cancer. Nature, 420(6917), 860-867

Egeblad, M., Nakasone, E. S., & Werb, Z. (2010). Tumors as organs: Complex tissues that interface with the entire organism. Developmental Cell, 18(6), 884-901

Engelhardt, J. J., Boldajipour, B., Beemiller, P., Pandurangi, P., Sorensen, C., Werb, Z., . . . Krummel, M. F. (2012). Marginating dendritic cells of the tumor microenvironment cross-present tumor antigens and stably engage tumor-specific T cells. Cancer Cell, 21(3), 402-417

Heissig, B., Lund, L. R., Akiyama, H., Ohki, M., Morita, Y., Rømer, J., . . . Hattori, K. (2007). The plasminogen fibrinolytic pathway is required for hematopoietic regeneration. Cell Stem Cell, 1(6), 658-670

Ohki, M., Ohki, Y., Ishihara, M., Nishida, C., Tashiro, Y., Akiyama, H., . . . Hattori, K. (2010). Tissue type plasminogen activator regulates myeloid-cell dependent neoangiogenesis during tissue regeneration. Blood, 115(21), 4302-4312


Recommended Readings: Scott Lowe, Ph.D.

Friday Lecture Series

Cancer Initiation and Maintenance Genes

Scott Lowe, Ph.D., chair, Geoffrey Beene Cancer Research Center,

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center;

investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

January 3, 2014

3:45 p.m.-5:00 p.m. (Refreshments, 3:15 p.m., Abby Lounge)

Caspary Auditorium

Recommended Readings

Chicas, A., Kapoor, A., Wang, X., Aksoy, O., Evertts, A. G., Zhang, M. Q., . . . Lowe, S. W. (2012). H3K4 demethylation by Jarid1a and Jarid1b contributes to retinoblastoma-mediated gene silencing during cellular senescence. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(23), 8971-8976

Dow, L. E., & Lowe, S. W. (2012). Life in the fast lane: Mammalian disease models in the genomics era. Cell, 148(6), 1099-1109

Premsrirut, P. K., Dow, L. E., Kim, S. Y., Camiolo, M., Malone, C. D., Miething, C., . . . Lowe, S. W. (2011). A rapid and scalable system for studying gene function in mice using conditional RNA interference. Cell, 145(1), 145-158

Sawey, E., Chanrion, M., Cai, C., Wu, G., Zhang, J., Zender, L., . . . Powers, S. (2011). Identification of a therapeutic strategy targeting amplified FGF19 in liver cancer by oncogenomic screening. Cancer Cell, 19(3), 347-358

Xue, W., Kitzing, T., Roessler, S., Zuber, J., Krasnitz, A., Schultz, N., . . . Lowe, S. W. (2012). A cluster of cooperating tumor-suppressor gene candidates in chromosomal deletions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(21), 8212-8217

Zuber, J., Rappaport, A. R., Luo, W., Wang, E., Chen, C., Vaseva, A. V., . . . Lowe, S. W. (2011). An integrated approach to dissecting oncogene addiction implicates a myb-coordinated self-renewal program as essential for leukemia maintenance. Genes and Development, 25(15), 1628-1640


Recommended Readings: Leonard Zon, M.D.

Monday, November 4, 2013
4:00 p.m., Carson Family Auditorium

Leonard Zon, M.D.
Director of the Stem Cell Program at Children’s Hospital Boston
Grousbeck Professor of Pediatric Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Pathways that Stimulate Stem Cell Development and Self-Renewal

Recommended Readings:

Review Papers

De Jong, J. L. O., & Zon, L. I. (2005). Use of the zebrafish system to study primitive and definitive hematopoiesis. Annual Review of Genetics, 39, 481–501. doi:10.1146/annurev.genet.39.073003.095931

Orkin, S. H., & Zon, L. I. (2008). Hematopoiesis: an evolving paradigm for stem cell biologyCell132(4), 631–644. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2008.01.025

White, R., Rose, K., & Zon, L. (2013). Zebrafish cancer: the state of the art and the path forward. Nature Reviews Cancer, 13(9), 624–636. doi:10.1038/nrc3589

Zon, L. I. (2008). Intrinsic and extrinsic control of haematopoietic stem-cell self-renewal. Nature, 453(7193), 306–313. doi:10.1038/nature07038

Empirical Articles

Goessling, W., North, T. E., Loewer, S., Lord, A. M., Lee, S., Stoick-Cooper, C. L., … Zon, L. I. (2009). Genetic interaction of PGE2 and Wnt signaling regulates developmental specification of stem cells and regeneration. Cell, 136(6), 1136–1147. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2009.01.015

Lengerke, C., Schmitt, S., Bowman, T. V, Jang, I. H., Maouche-Chretien, L., McKinney-Freeman, S., … Daley, G. Q. (2008). BMP and Wnt specify hematopoietic fate by activation of the Cdx-Hox pathway. Cell Stem Cell, 2(1), 72–82. doi:10.1016/j.stem.2007.10.022

North, T. E., Goessling, W., Peeters, M., Li, P., Ceol, C., Lord, A. M., … Zon, L. I. (2009). Hematopoietic stem cell development is dependent on blood flow. Cell, 137(4), 736–748. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2009.04.023

North, T. E., Goessling, W., Walkley, C. R., Lengerke, C., Kopani, K. R., Lord, A. M., … Zon, L. I. (2007). Prostaglandin E2 regulates vertebrate haematopoietic stem cell homeostasis. Nature, 447(7147), 1007–1011. doi:10.1038/nature05883

Recommended Readings: Titia de Lange, Ph.D.

Friday Lecture Series

Cancer Biology Lecture

How Telomeres Solved the End-protection Problem

Titia de Lange, Ph.D., Leon Hess Professor and head,

Laboratory of Cell Biology and Genetics,

The Rockefeller University

March 23, 2012

3:45 p.m.-5:00 p.m. (Refreshments, 3:15 p.m., Abby Lounge)

Caspary Auditorium


Recommended Readings:

Davoli, T., E. L. Denchi, and T. de Lange. 2010. “Persistent Telomere Damage Induces Bypass of Mitosis and Tetraploidy.” Cell 141 (1): 81-93

Davoli, T. and T. De Lange. 2011. The Causes and Consequences of Polyploidy in Normal Development and Cancer. Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology. Vol. 27: 585-610

De Lange, T. 2009. “How Telomeres Solve the End-Protection Problem.” Science 326 (5955): 948-952

Gong, Y. and T. de Lange. 2010. “A Shld1-Controlled POT1a Provides Support for Repression of ATR Signaling at Telomeres through RPA Exclusion.” Molecular Cell 40 (3): 377-387

Kabir, S., A. Sfeir, and T. De Lange. 2010. “Taking Apart Rap1: An Adaptor Protein with Telomeric and Non-Telomeric Functions.” Cell Cycle 9 (20): 4061-4067

Palm, W. and T. De Lange. 2008. How Shelterin Protects Mammalian Telomeres. Annual Review of Genetics. Vol. 42.

Sfeir, A., S. Kabir, M. Van Overbeek, G. B. Celli, and T. De Lange. 2010. “Loss of Rap1 Induces Telomere Recombination in the Absence of NHEJ Or a DNA Damage Signal.” Science 327 (5973): 1657-1661

Sfeir, A., S. T. Kosiyatrakul, D. Hockemeyer, S. L. MacRae, J. Karlseder, C. L. Schildkraut, and T. de Lange. 2009. “Mammalian Telomeres Resemble Fragile Sites and Require TRF1 for Efficient Replication.” Cell 138 (1): 90-103

Scherthan, H., A. Sfeir, and T. De Lange. 2011. “Rap1-Independent Telomere Attachment and Bouquet Formation in Mammalian Meiosis.” Chromosoma 120 (2): 151-157

Recommended Readings: Jason Cyster, Ph.D.

Friday Lecture Series

Sphingolipids and Oxysterols in B Cell Immunity and Cancer

Jason Cyster, Ph.D., Professor, Department of Microbiology and Immunology,

University of California, San Francisco

March 16, 2012

3:45 p.m.-5:00 p.m. (Refreshments, 3:15 p.m., Abby Lounge)

Caspary Auditorium


Recommended Readings:

Cinamon, G., M. A. Zachariah, O. M. Lam, F. W. Foss Jr., and J. G. Cyster. 2008. Follicular shuttling of marginal zone B cells facilitates antigen transport. Nature immunology 9, (1): 54-62

Cyster, J. G. 2005. Chemokines, sphingosine-1-phosphate, and cell migration in secondary lymphoid organs. Annual Review of Immunology 23 , pp. 127-159

Okada, T., and J. G. Cyster. 2006. B cell migration and interactions in the early phase of antibody responses. Current opinion in immunology 18, (3): 278-285

Pappu, R., S. R. Schwab, I. Cornelissen, J. P. Pereira, J. B. Regard, Y. Xu, E. Camerer, et al. 2007. Promotion of lymphocyte egress into blood and lymph by distinct sources of sphingosine-1-phosphate. Science 316, (5822): 295-298

Pham, T. H. M., P. Baluk, Y. Xu, I. Grigorova, A. J. Bankovich, R. Pappu, S. R. Coughlin, D. M. McDonald, S. R. Schwab, and J. G. Cyster. 2010. Lymphatic endothelial cell sphingosine kinase activity is required for lymphocyte egress and lymphatic patterning. Journal of Experimental Medicine 207, (1): 17-27

Randall, K. L., T. Lambe, A. Johnson, B. Treanor, E. Kucharska, H. Domaschenz, B. Whittle, et al. 2009. Dock8 mutations cripple B cell immunological synapses, germinal centers and long-lived antibody production. Nature immunology 10, (12): 1283-1291

Recommended Readings: Elaine Fuchs, Ph.D.

Friday Lecture Series

Skin Stem Cells: In Morphogenesis, Wound Repair and Cancer

Elaine Fuchs, Ph.D., Rebecca C. Lancefield Professor,

The Rockefeller University

March 2, 2012

3:45 p.m.-5:00 p.m. (Refreshments, 3:15 p.m., Abby Lounge)

Caspary Auditorium


Recommended Readings:

Blanpain, C., and E. Fuchs. 2009. Epidermal homeostasis: A balancing act of stem cells in the skin. Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology 10, (3): 207-217

Ezhkova, E., W. -H Lien, N. Stokes, H. A. Pasolli, J. M. Silva, and E. Fuchs. 2011. EZH1 and EZH2 cogovern histone H3K27 trimethylation and are essential for hair follicle homeostasis and wound repair. Genes and Development 25, (5): 485-498

Fuchs, E. 2007. Scratching the surface of skin development. Nature 445, (7130): 834-842

Guasch, G., M. Schober, H. A. Pasolli, E. B. Conn, L. Polak, and E. Fuchs. 2007. Loss of TGFβ signaling destabilizes homeostasis and promotes squamous cell carcinomas in stratified epithelia. Cancer Cell 12, (4): 313-327

Kobielak, A., and E. Fuchs. 2006. Links between α-catenin, NF-κB, and squamous cell carcinoma in skin. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103, (7): 2322-2327

Williams, S. E., S. Beronja, H. A. Pasolli, and E. Fuchs. 2011. Asymmetric cell divisions promote notch-dependent epidermal differentiation. Nature 470, (7334): 353-358

Yi, R., and E. Fuchs. 2010. MicroRNA-mediated control in the skin. Cell death and differentiation 17, (2): 229-235

Understanding The Relationship Between Inflammation and Cancer

The relationship between cancer and inflammation—the immune system’s response to infection, irritation, or injury—is a bit like that between the chicken and the egg. The two seem to occur together, but scientists aren’t really sure which comes first or whether one causes the other.  

A recent discovery by a team of researchers in the tumor biology section at the NIDCD, and scientists at SUNY Buffalo and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in Bethesda, Md., could help shine a welcome light on this quandary. The finding is the first to show that inflammatory factors produced during the development of head and neck tumors play an active role in coordinating a series of cellular events that allow cancer cells to grow and multiply unimpeded. Their findings are published in the September 20 early online edition of Cancer Research.