Recommended Readings: Seth Darst, Ph.D. Monday November 6th, 2017

Monday Lectures

Monday, November 6, 2017  3:45 p.m.

Carson Family Auditorium

Seth Darst, Ph.D.

Jack Fishman Professor and Head

Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics

The Rockefeller University

Promoter Melting by Bacterial RNA Polymerase – One Step at a Time

Recommended Readings:

Feklistov, Andrey; Bae, Brian; Hauver, Jesse; et al. (2017). RNA polymerase motions during promoter melting. SCIENCE. 356 (6340): 863-866

Hubin, Elizabeth A.; Fay, Allison; Xu, Catherine; et al. (2017). Structure and function of the mycobacterial transcription initiation complex with the essential regulator RbpA. ELIFE. 6

Chen, James; Wassarman, Karen M.; Feng, Shili; et al. (2017). 6S RNA Mimics B-Form DNA to Regulate Escherichia coli RNA Polymerase. MOLECULAR CELL. 68 (2): 388-+

Bae, Brian; Feklistov, Andrey; Lass-Napiorkowska, Agnieszka; et al. (2015). Structure of a bacterial RNA polymerase holoenzyme open promoter complex. ELIFE. 4

Davis, Elizabeth; Chen, James; Leon, Katherine; et al. (2015). Mycobacterial RNA polymerase forms unstable open promoter complexes that are stabilized by CarD.  NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH. 43 (1): 433-445

Chen, Jie; Darst, Seth A.; Thirumalai, D. (2010). Promoter melting triggered by bacterial RNA polymerase occurs in three steps. PNAS. 107 (28): 12523-12528


Recommended Readings: Sean F. Brady, Ph.D., Friday October 27th, 2017

Friday Lectures

Friday, October 27, 2017  3:45 p.m.

Caspary Auditorium

Sean F. Brady, Ph.D.

Evnin Associate Professor and Head

Laboratory of Genetically Encoded Small Molecules

The Rockefeller University

Watch your step, there is new chemistry everywhere

Recommended Readings:

Cohen LJ, Han S, Huang YH, Brady SF. (2017). Identification of the Colicin V Bacteriocin Gene Cluster by Functional Screening of a Human Microbiome Metagenomic Library.  ACS Infect Dis.  In Press doi: 10.1021/acsinfecdis.7b00081

Fierer, Noah (2017). Embracing the unknown: disentangling the complexities of the soil microbiome. NATURE REVIEWS MICROBIOLOGY. 15 (10): 579-590

Chu, John; Vila-Farres, Xavier; Inoyama, Daigo; et al. (2016). Discovery of MRSA active antibiotics using primary sequence from the human microbiome.  NATURE CHEMICAL BIOLOGY. 12 (12): 1004-+

O’Brien, Sarah L.; Gibbons, Sean M.; Owens, Sarah M.; et al. (2016). Spatial scale drives patterns in soil bacterial diversity.  ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY. 18 (6): 2039-2051

Medema, Marnix H.; Kottmann, Renzo; Yilmaz, Pelin; et al. (2015). Minimum Information about a Biosynthetic Gene cluster. NATURE CHEMICAL BIOLOGY. (11) 9: 625-631

Owen, Jeremy G.; Reddy, Boojala Vijay B.; Ternei, Melinda A.; et al. (2013). Mapping gene clusters within arrayed metagenomic libraries to expand the structural diversity of biomedically relevant natural products. PNAS. 110 (29): 11797-11802  


Recommended Readings: Nancy A. Moran, Ph.D., Friday September 22th, 2017

Friday Lectures

Friday, September 22, 2017  3:45 p.m.

Caspary Auditorium

Nancy A. Moran, Ph.D.

Leslie Surginer Endowed Professor

Department of Integrative Biology

University of Texas

The evolution and function of gut communities in social bees

Recommended Readings:

Ashley P. Taylor. March 29, 2017. In Certain Social Bees, Gut Microbiomes Follow Phylogeny. TheScientist

Kwong, Waldan K.; Moran, Nancy A. (2017). Gut microbial communities of social bees. NATURE REVIEWS MICROBIOLOGY. 14 (6): 374-384

Kwong, Waldan K; Medina, Luis A; Koch, Hauke; et al. (2017). Dynamic microbiome evolution in social bees. SCIENCE ADVANCES. 3 (3): e1600513

Powell, Elijah; Ratnayeke, Nalin; Moran, Nancy A. (2016). Strain diversity and host specificity in a specialized gut symbiont of honeybees and bumblebees. MOLECULAR ECOLOGY. 25 (18): 4461-4471

Engel, Philipp; Moran, Nancy A. (2013). The gut microbiota of insects – diversity in structure and function. FEMS MICROBIOLOGY REVIEW. 37 (5): 699-735

Schloissnig, Siegfried; Arumugam, Manimozhiyan; Sunagawa, Shinichi; et al. (2013). Genomic variation landscape of the human gut microbiome. NATURE. 493 (7430): 45-50

Tian, Baoyu; Fadhil, Nibal H.; Powell, J. Elijah; et al. (2012). Long-Term Exposure to Antibiotics Has Caused Accumulation of Resistance Determinants in the Gut Microbiota of Honeybees. MBIO. 3 (6): e00377-12


Recommended Readings: Emmanuelle Charpentier, Ph.D., January 22

Friday Lecture Series
Friday, January 22, 2016
3:45 p.m., Caspary Auditorium

Emmanuelle Charpentier, Ph.D.
Professor, Department of Regulation in Infection Biology
Director, Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology;
Visiting Professor, Laboratory for Molecular Infection Medicine Sweden, Umeå University

The Transformative Genome Engineering Technology CRISPR-Cas9: Lessons Learned from bacteria

Recommended Reading

Empirical Articles

Chylinski, K., Le Rhun, A., & Charpentier, E. (2013). The tracrRNA and Cas9 families of type II CRISPR-Cas immunity systems. RNA Biology, 10(5), 726-737. doi:10.4161/rna.24321

Fonfara, I., Le Rhun, A., Chylinski, K., Makarova, K. S., Lécrivain, A. L., Bzdrenga, J., … & Charpentier, E. (2014). Phylogeny of Cas9 determines functional exchangeability of dual-RNA and Cas9 among orthologous type II CRISPR-Cas systems. Nucleic acids research, 42(4), 2577-2590. doi:10.1093/nar/gkt1074.

Jinek, M., Chylinski, K., Fonfara, I., Hauer, M., Doudna, J. A., & Charpentier, E. (2012). A programmable dual-RNA–guided DNA endonuclease in adaptive bacterial immunity. Science, 337(6096), 816-821. doi:10.1126/science.1225829.

Review Papers

Charpentier, E., Richter, H., van der Oost, J., & White, M. F. (2015). Biogenesis pathways of RNA guides in archaeal and bacterial CRISPR-Cas adaptive immunity. FEMS Microbiology Reviews, 39(3), 428-441. doi:10.1093/femsre/fuv023.

Chylinski, K., Makarova, K. S., Charpentier, E., & Koonin, E. V. (2014). Classification and evolution of type II CRISPR-Cas systems. Nucleic acids research, 42(10), 6091-6105. doi:10.1093/nar/gku241

Recommended Readings: Luciano Marraffini, Ph.D., October 9th

Friday Lecture Series
Friday, October 9th, 2015
3:45 p.m., Caspary Auditorium

Luciano Marraffini, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor and Head,
Laboratory of Bacteriology,
The Rockefeller University

CRISPR-Cas: The Adaptive Immune System of Prokaryotes

Recommended Readings

Empirical Articles

Goldberg, G. W., Jiang, W., Bikard, D., & Marraffini, L. A. (2014). Conditional tolerance of temperate phages via transcription-dependent CRISPR-Cas targeting. Nature, 514(7524), 633-637. doi:10.1038/nature13637.

Heler, R., Samai, P., Modell, J. W., Weiner, C., Goldberg, G. W., Bikard, D., & Marraffini, L. A. (2015). Cas9 specifies functional viral targets during CRISPR-Cas adaptation. Nature, 19(7542), 199-202. doi:10.1038/nature14245.

Jiang, W., Maniv, I., Arain, F., Wang, Y., Levin, B. R., & Marraffini, L. A. (2012). Dealing with the evolutionary downside of CRISPR immunity: bacteria and beneficial plasmids. PLoS Genetics, 9(9), e1003844-e1003844. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1003844.

Review Papers

Barrangou, R., & Marraffini, L. A. (2014). CRISPR-Cas systems: prokaryotes upgrade to adaptive immunity. Molecular Cell, 54(2), 234-244. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2014.03.011.

Hatoum-Aslan, A., & Marraffini, L. A. (2014). Impact of CRISPR immunity on the emergence and virulence of bacterial pathogens. Current Opinion in Microbiology, 17, 82-90. doi:10.1016/j.mib.2013.12.001

Recommended Readings: Ronald Breaker, Ph.D., May 1

Friday Lecture Series
Friday, May 1, 2015
3:45 p.m., Caspary Auditorium

Ronald Breaker, Ph.D.
Henry Ford II Professor,
Professor, Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry,
Yale University
Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Prospects for Riboswitch and Ribozyme Discovery

Empirical Articles

Baker, J. L., Sudarsan, N., Weinberg, Z., Roth, A., Stockbridge, R. B., & Breaker, R. R. (2012). Widespread genetic switches and toxicity resistance proteins for fluoride. Science, 335(6065), 233-235. doi:10.1126/science.1215063

Kim, P. B., Nelson, J. W., & Breaker, R. R. (2015). An ancient riboswitch class in bacteria regulates purine biosynthesis and one-carbon metabolism. Molecular Cell, 57(2), 317-328. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2015.01.001

Nelson, J. W., Sudarsan, N., Furukawa, K., Weinberg, Z., Wang, J. X., & Breaker, R. R. (2013). Riboswitches in eubacteria sense the second messenger c-di-AMP. Nature Chemical Biology, 9(12), 834-839. doi:10.1038/nchembio.1363

Roth, A., Weinberg, Z., Chen, A. G., Kim, P. B., Ames, T. D., & Breaker, R. R. (2014). A widespread self-cleaving ribozyme class is revealed by bioinformatics. Nature chemical biology, 10(1), 56-60. doi:10.1038/nchembio.1386

Review Papers

Breaker, R. R. (2012). Riboswitches and the RNA world. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology, 4(2), a003566. doi:10.1101/cshperspect.a003566

Breaker, R. R., & Joyce, G. F. (2014). The expanding view of RNA and DNA function. Chemistry & Biology, 21(9), 1059-1065. doi:10.1016/j.chembiol.2014.07.008